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Backup Restauração Base Oracle  Imprimir este Artigo

Como restaurar um database Oracle

As seguintes instruções são referencias para a restauração de base de dados Oracle: 1. Instalar o AdentroOBM no Oracle database server. 2. Restaurar o Oracle database backup arquivos de AdentroOBS server. 3.Para restore de uma base existente, primeiro de um shutdown na database:

  • Defina o ORACLE_SID de sua database.
Windows:
set ORACLE_SID=${database_SID}
Linux:
export ORACLE_SID=${database_SID}
  • Conecte no database como SYSDBA
Connect to database as SYSDBA
  • De um Shutdown na database.
SQL> shutdown immediate
Exemplo:
$ export ORACLE_SID=GDB1
$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 – Production on Thu Nov 8
17:04:57 2007
Copyright © 1982, 2005, Oracle. All right reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 –
Production With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining
options
SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

4. Para restaurar de um banco de dados não-existente, primeiro crie um arquivo de senha:

orapwd file=$ORACLE_HOME/dbs/orapw${database_SID}
password=${password}
Exemplo:
$ orapwd file=/oracle/OraHome1/dbs/orapwBGDB1
password=pwd123

5. Coloque os arquivos de backup restaurados para seu caminho do diretório original: Arquivos de controle, arquivos de dados e logs arquivados são armazenados em AdentroOBS junto com suas informações de caminho completo.

Por exemplo, com os dados restaurados para o diretório / obm_restore:

/obm_restore/Oracle Database
Server/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/admin/GDB1/
/obm_restore/Oracle Database
Server/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/initGDB1.ora
/obm_restore/Oracle Database
Server/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/spfileGDB1.ora
/obm_restore/Oracle Database
Server/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1
/obm_restore/Oracle Database
Server/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1

Esses arquivos devem ser transferidos para:

/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/admin/GDB1/
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/initGDB1.ora
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/dbs/spfileGDB1.ora
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1/
/oracle/product/102.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/


Renomear o database (banco de dados para restaurar para um novo local):

  • Modifique o arquivo PFILE para atualizar o caminho do arquivo.

Modificar todos os caminhos de arquivo para refletir a mudança para o novo local, e em seguida salvar.

Por exemplo

Origem:
background_dump_dest = /oracle/OraHome1/admin/GDB2/bdump
control_files = (/oracle/OraHome1/oradata/GDB2/control01.ctl,
/oracle/OraHome1/oradata/GDB2/control02.ctl,
/oracle/OraHome1/oradata/GDB2/control03.ctl)
core_dump_dest = /oracle/OraHome1/admin/GDB2/cdump
user_dump_dest = /oracle/OraHome1/admin/GDB2/udump
Mudar para:
background_dump_dest =
/new_db_location/OraHome1/admin/GDB2/bdump
control_files =
(/new_db_location/OraHome1/oradata/GDB2/control01.ctl,
/new_db_location/OraHome1/oradata/GDB2/control02.ctl,
/new_db_location/OraHome1/oradata/GDB2/control03.ctl)
core_dump_dest = /new_db_location/OraHome1/admin/GDB2/cdump
user_dump_dest = /new_db_location/OraHome1/admin/GDB2/udump
  • Indicar os valores para o Dispatchers:
Dispatchers = "(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=GDB1XDB)"
  • Delete o arquivo SPFILE.
  • Set o Oracle_SID para seu identificador System Identifier(SID)
Windows:
set ORACLE_SID=${database_SID}
Linux:
export ORACLE_SID=${database_SID}
  • Rode o SQL Plus e conecte no database como SYSDBA.
sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
  • Monte e inicie o database.
SQL> startup mount
  • Crie um backup do control file para o trace.
SQL> alter database backup controlfile to trace as
‘New_DB_Location/CONTROL.TRC’ reuse;
  • Renomeie cada arquivo datafile, log file e temp file

Abra o arquivo recém-criado do trace e verifique se o nome de cada arquivo de dados, arquivo de log e tempfile. Renomeie cada um desses arquivos:

SQL> alter database rename file ‘xxx’ to ‘yyy’;
Where xxx is the old filename found in the trace f
yyy is the new filename with the updated path.
Exemplo:
SQL> alter database rename file
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/system01.dbf' to
/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/system01.dbf';
SQL> alter database rename file
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/undotbs01.dbf' to
/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/undotbs01.dbf';
SQL> alter database rename file
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/sysaux01.dbf' to
/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/sysaux01.dbf';
SQL> alter database rename file
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/users01.dbf' to
/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/users01.dbf'; 
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/TS1' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/TS1';
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/redo01.log' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/redo01.log';
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/redo02.log' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/redo02.log';
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/redo03.log' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/redo03.log';
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/temp01.dbf' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/temp01.dbf';
Exemplo:
$ export ORACLE_SID=GDB1
$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*PLUS: Release 10.2.0.1.0 – Production on Fri Nov 9
17:50:30 2007
Copyright © 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 285212672 bytes
Fixed Size 1218992 bytes
Variable Size 92276304 bytes
Database Buffers 188743680 bytes
Redo Buffers 2973696 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> alter database backup controlfile to trace as
'/new_db_location/control.trc' reuse;
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/system01.dbf' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/system01.dbf';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/undotbs01.dbf'
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/undotbs01.dbf';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/sysaux01.dbf' t
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/sysaux01.dbf';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/users01.dbf' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/users01.dbf';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/TS1' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/TS1';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/redo01.log' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/redo01.log';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/redo02.log' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/redo02.log';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/redo03.log' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/redo03.log';
Database altered.
SQL> alter database rename file
'/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/oradata/GDB1/temp01.dbf' to
'/new_db_location/oradata/GDB1/temp01.dbf';
Database altered.
  • Set o ORACLE_SID para seu database System Identifier(SID)
Windows:
set ORACLE_SID=${database_SID}
Linux:
export ORACLE_SID=${database_SID}
  • Execute o Oracle Recovery Manager (rman) e conecte o database alvo.
rman target /
  • Start e monte o database
RMAN> startup mount
  • Aplique as transactions do archived log para a próxima sequence.
RMAN> recover database until sequence=4 thread=1;

O comando acima assume que o número de seqüência do último log arquivado é 3. Os números de seqüência podem ser encontrados no nome do arquivo do archived log:

${Oracle_Home}/dbs/ol_mf_1_2_3xxxxxxx_.arc
${Oracle_Home}/dbs/ol_mf_1_3_3xxxxxxx_.arc
  • Abre o database
RMAN> alter database open resetlogs;
Exemplo:
$ export ORACLE_SID=GDB1
$ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Thu Nov 8
17:46:27 2007
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
connected to target database (not started)
RMAN> startup mount
Oracle instance started
database mounted
Total System Global Area 285212672 bytes
Fixed Size 1218992 bytes
Variable Size 113247824 bytes
Database Buffers 167772160 bytes
Redo Buffers 2973696 bytes
RMAN> recover database until sequence=4 thread=1;
Starting recover at 08-NOV-07
Starting implicit crosscheck backup at 08-NOV-07
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=157 devtype=DISK
Finished implicit crosscheck backup at 08-NOV-07
Starting implicit crosscheck copy at 08-NOV-07
using channel ORA_DISK_1
Finished implicit crosscheck copy at 08-NOV-07
searching for all files in the recovery area
cataloging files...
cataloging done
List of Cataloged Files
=======================
File Name:
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1/archivelo
g/2007_11_08/o1_mf_1_3_3m5h1yby_.arc
using channel ORA_DISK_1
starting media recovery
archive log thread 1 sequence 2 is already on disk as file
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1/archivelo
g/2007_11_08/o1_mf_1_2_3m5h1svs_.arc
archive log thread 1 sequence 3 is already on disk as file
/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1/archivelo
g/2007_11_08/o1_mf_1_3_3m5h1yby_.arc
archive log
filename=/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1/
archivelog/2007_11_08/o1_mf_1_2_3m5h1svs_.arc thread=1
sequence=2
archive log
filename=/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/flash_recovery_area/GDB1/
archivelog/2007_11_08/o1_mf_1_3_3m5h1yby_.arc thread=1
sequence=3
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished recover at 08-NOV-07
RMAN> alter database open resetlogs;
database opened

Opcional - Crie o Net Service Name e Database Service Listener:

Para criar o Net Service Name' Start Net Manager:

Windows Clique no [Menu Inciar], selecione [Programas]. Selecione [Oracle - ${Home_Name}], em [Configuration and Migration Tools], Selecione [Net Manager].

Linux Rode netmgr de ${Oracle_Home}/bin:

netmgr

Use [Oracle Net Configuration], [Local].

  • Selecione [Service Naming] e abra abra a árvore na esquerda.

Backup listner.JPG

  • O [Net Service Name] wizard serpa iniciado para proceder com a criação

do net service name.

Backup netServiceName.JPG

Nota: Certifique-se que a configuração foi salva No menu, clique em [File], depois [Save Network Configuration].

Criando o Database Service Listener Inicie Net Manager:

Windows Clique em [Start Menu], selecione [Programs]. Selecione [Oracle - ${Home_Name}], em [Configuration and Migration Tools], selecione [Net Manager]

Linux Rode netmgr from ${Oracle_Home}/bin:

netmgr

Expanda [Oracle Net Configuration], [Local].

  • Em [Listeners] selecione [LISTENER].
  • Selecione [Database Services] no menu, e clique [AddDatabase].

Backup listner02.JPG

Entre com o Global Database Name e SID.

Nota: Tenha certeza que as configurações foram salvas com exito. No menu, clique em [File], depois [Save Network Configuration].

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